How To Create A Kitchen Garden? A Complete Guide Get You Started

A kitchen garden in summer

A kitchen garden is a great way to get fresh, healthy produce right at your fingertips. Not only does it save you money, but it also allows you to control the quality of your food. Plus, it’s a fun and rewarding hobby!

Investing in a kitchen garden is also a way to support the local community. Most kitchen gardeners understand that they can’t grow everything and turn to local farmers and other local growers.

Growing your own produce or shopping locally also helps reduce your carbon footprint and can be a great way to teach children about where food comes from and how it is grown.

In this article, we’re going to take a deep dive into how to plan out and start your kitchen garden, regardless of the space you have to grow in.

Planning Your Kitchen Garden

When it comes to starting a kitchen garden, the most important thing to do is plan ahead. By mapping out your garden and deciding what you want to grow, you’ll be more likely to have a successful growing season. Here are a few tips to help you get started.

First, take into account the amount of space you have available. If you only have a small balcony, you’ll need to focus on plants that don’t require a lot of room to grow. Once you know how much space you have, you can start planning what type of plants you want to grow.

Next, consider the amount of sunlight that your garden will receive. Some plants need full sun in order to thrive, while others do better in partial shade.

Defining Your Space

Planning a vegetable garden can be a daunting task, especially if you’re starting from scratch. Still, with a little planning and some basic knowledge, you can create a beautiful and bountiful space to enjoy all season long.

When it comes to planning your kitchen garden, the first step is defining your space. How much room do you have to work with? Are there any obstacles in your way? Once you have a clear idea of your available space, you can start planning what to plant and where.

How Much Room Do You Have?

When deciding how much room you have for your kitchen garden, start by assessing the amount of sunlight your yard gets each day. Veggies need at least six hours of direct sunlight to prosper, so if your spot is shady, you’ll need to adjust your planting accordingly. Once you know how much sun you’re working with, take a look at the size and shape of your available space. 

If you have a large open area, great! You can pretty much plant whatever you want, in whatever configuration you like, but if you’re working with more limited space – say, a balcony or patio – you’ll want to be strategic about what goes where and what growing methods you’re using.

How Much Room Do You Need?

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When planning a vegetable garden, one of the first questions you need to answer is: how much room do I need? The amount of space you have will determine what vegetables you can grow and how many of each.

You don’t need a lot of space to have a thriving vegetable garden. With some careful planning, you can grow a bountiful crop in even the smallest areas. 

Here are some questions, the answers to which can help you plan your kitchen garden based on the amount of space you have:

  • Decide what vegetables you want to grow -how much space do they need?
  • What can you get locally instead of growing yourself?
  • Do you want to be self-sufficient in a particular vegetable?
  • How much experience do you have?
  • Do you have space for a greenhouse, a polytunnel, or even a cold frame?

If you have a small area (up to 50 square feet), you can still grow a variety of vegetables. Some good options for small spaces include tomatoes, peppers, greens, and herbs.

If you have a medium-sized area (51-200 square feet), you can expand your options to include: root vegetables, like carrots and potatoes; vining vegetables, like squash and cucumbers; and larger plants, like cabbage and broccoli.

Even a smaller space can become home to larger vegetables like pumpkins and squash, but you’l need to be realistic that it might be a choice between a large squash plant or a few pea plants.

Growing Indoors

If you’re longing for the taste of homegrown veggies but don’t have the outdoor space for a kitchen garden, don’t despair. You can grow many vegetables indoors with just a little bit of planning.

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Some vegetables do better indoors than others. Tomatoes, for example, require a lot of sunlight and space to thrive. Peppers, on the other hand, are well suited for indoor growth. Herbs like basil and chives are also good choices.

Once you’ve selected your plants, you’ll need to purchase pots or containers and potting soil.

Make sure the pots have drainage holes to allow excess water to escape but put them on trays to stop water pooling on surfaces indoors. Place your plants in a sunny spot near a window and water them regularly. With a little care, you can enjoy fresh veggies all year round, even indoors!

Growing Outdoors

Whether you have a large backyard or a small patio, you can grow your own kitchen garden. The best way to get started in the kitchen garden planning process is to draw a diagram of your garden space. Make sure to include the following:

  • The location of each plant
  • The spacing between each plant (remember that some plants need more room than others)
  • The type of fencing you will use to protect your plants from animals
  • The location of your hose and water source

You can grow more vegetables in smaller areas if you have a large garden space. Raised bed gardening is popular for precisely this reason, it keeps outdoor growing contained, neat, and it’s mentally easier to deal with one raised bed at a time.

Deciding What To Grow

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When planning a kitchen garden, one of the most important decisions is what to grow. There are many factors to consider, such as whether you have the space and time to care for a large garden, what kinds of fruits and vegetables you like to eat, and what will grow well in your climate.

If you have limited space, choosing plants that will produce a lot of food in a small area is important. Crops like tomatoes, peppers, and aubergines (eggplants) are good choices.

If you have more room, you can add other vegetables like potatoes, carrots, and beans. Fruits like berries and grapes can also be grown in a kitchen garden.

It’s also important to think about when you’ll be harvesting your crops. Some vegetables need to be planted early in the spring, while others can be planted later in the summer.

Here are a few things to consider when choosing what to plant

Herbs

Think about what kinds of herbs you’d like to grow. Do you want to use them for cooking? Or would you like to have them on hand for making teas and other herbal remedies?

Take a look at your gardening space. How much sun does it get? Most herbs need at least six hours of sunlight each day to thrive. If your garden doesn’t get that much sun, you might want to consider growing herbs that don’t require as much light.

Popular garden herbs to grow in a kitchen garden include:

  • Thyme– A perennial that is easy to grow.
  • Chives – A perennial that is easy to grow and adds a nice onion-like flavour.
  • Dill – A great herb for pickling cucumbers, carrots, and beets.
  • Fennel – A perennial with a liquorice taste.
  • Mint – A perennial that is easy to grow and adds a nice cooling flavour.
  • Parsley – A biennial that is easy to grow and adds a nice herby flavour.
  • Sage – A perennial that is easy to grow.
  • Rosemary – A perennial that is easy to grow and adds a nice piney flavour.

Choose the right herbs for your climate; not all herbs are cold-hardy.

Flowers

There’s no reason your kitchen garden can’t be beautiful, as well as vegetables and herbs; flowers can be a great addition. Some flowers are even edible!

Think about what kinds of flowers you want to grow. Do you want annuals or perennials? Annuals will need to be replanted yearly, but they often bloom longer and provide more colour than perennials. Perennials, on the other hand, come back year after year and generally require less maintenance.

Popular flowers for kitchen gardens include:

  • Roses – All varieties are edible and medicinal.
  • Calendula – The flowers, petals, and leaves are edible. The flowers of the C. officinalis variety are also highly medicinal.
  • Carnations – The petals are edible and also medicinal.
  • Chrysanthemums (garden or pot) – All varieties are edible and medicinal.
  • Fuchsias – The flowers, berries, and petals are edible.
  • Geraniums – The flowers and aromatic foliage are both edible and medicinal.
  • lavender – The flowers are edible, smell beautiful, and lavender is a calming addition.
  • Marigolds – The flowers are edible, and marigolds are often used as sacrificial plants for slugs and other pests to eat.
  • Sweet peas – Despite their name, sweet peas aren’t edible, but they are very pretty and smell wonderful.
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Getting Started: Planting Your Kitchen Garden

If you’re looking to get started planting a kitchen garden, there are a few things you need to know. First, you need to choose the right location for your garden. A sunny spot is best, as most vegetables need at least six hours of sunlight daily. You also must ensure you have well-drained soil, as too much water can drown your plants.

Once you’ve chosen the perfect spot for your garden, it’s time to start planting! You can direct sow seeds or start with seedlings. If you’re starting with seeds, make sure to plant them at the correct depth and keep them moist until they germinate. Once your seedlings are big enough to handle, thin them out, so they have room to grow.

Improving Soil Health

When it comes to improving soil health, there are several things that kitchen gardeners need to be aware of and keep in mind.

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One of the most important things is to improve drainage and aeration in the soil. This can be done by adding organic matter such as compost or manure, mulching the ground, and growing green manure when the land isn’t being used.

Another important step in improving soil health is to reduce or eliminate tillage. Tillage can cause some problems for soil, including compaction, erosion, and loss of organic matter. If tillage is absolutely necessary, farmers should use minimum tillage methods such as no-till or strip-till.

Gardeners should also focus on promoting biodiversity in their soil. This can be done by planting cover crops (also known as green manure), using diverse crop rotations, and creating a habitat for beneficial insects, wildlife, pollinators, and other organisms.

Growing in Containers

Are you limited on space but still want to garden? Or maybe you just don’t want to deal with the hassle of a traditional garden. Either way, gardening in containers or pots is a great solution!

You can grow many things in containers, including vegetables, herbs, flowers, and more. There are also many different types of containers to choose from.

The advantage of using containers is that you can move them around to follow the sunlight or bring them inside for the winter (if you have space). You can even use them to start seeds from a garden centre or in the greenhouse in the spring.

Here are some tips on how to get started:

  • Pick the right containers – Make sure they are big enough for your plants and have drainage holes in the bottom.
  • Fill your containers with a good quality potting mix – This will help ensure that your plants have all the nutrients they need.
  • Choose plants that are suitable for growing in containers – Some plants root quickly and can become pot-bound, make sure to research before you buy.
  • Place your containers in an area that gets enough sunlight – Most plants will need at least six hours of sun per day.

Starting With Seeds vs. Plants

When deciding whether to start your garden from scratch, either with seeds or to purchase young plants, there are many factors to consider.

Seeds are generally much cheaper than plants; starting with seeds is the way to go if you’re on a budget. However, it takes more time and effort to grow a plant from seed than it does to care for an already-established plant.

If you’re looking for a specific type of plant that may be hard to find, starting with seeds gives you the best chance of success. However, be aware that not all seeds will germinate, so you may need to purchase more than you think you’ll need.

There is nothing wrong with buying start plants and seedlings from a garden centre or nursery. Many gardeners do this, which is a good way to jump-start the growing season. However, you should be aware that there are many varieties of plants out there, and most nurseries don’t stock everything.

Ultimately, the decision of whether to start with seeds or plants comes down to personal preference.

Caring For Your Kitchen Garden

If you’re lucky enough to have a kitchen garden, congratulations! With a bit of care, you can enjoy fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs all year long. Here are a few tips on how to keep your kitchen garden healthy and happy:

  • Water regularly and deeply – This will help encourage strong root growth and prevent the plants from drying out.
  • Fertilize regularly – Use a balanced fertilizer that is specifically designed for vegetables or fruit trees.
  • Prune regularly – This will help keep the plants from being overgrown and encourage new growth.
  • Inspect regularly for pests and diseases – Be sure to catch problems early so they can be treated quickly.

Final Thoughts

Following these steps will help you create a kitchen garden that is both productive and beautiful.

With a little planning and some elbow grease, you can enjoy fresh fruits, vegetables, and herbs all year round. So what are you waiting for? Get started on your kitchen garden today!